Customary Clothing of the Sasak Tribe
In general, the traditional clothes of West Nusa Tenggara are divided into 2 types, namely traditional clothes for men and traditional clothes for women. Speaking of NTB traditional clothes / clothes, we will not be separated from the uniqueness of each traditional outfit from two major tribes in NTB, namely the Sasak tribal traditional clothing and the traditional tribal clothing of Bima, NTB
Lombok traditional clothing, especially those from the Sasak tribe, are known as Lambung and Pegon. What are the traditional clothes of this Sasak tribe? Let’s look at an explanation of the traditional Sasak ethnic clothing below:
1.Traditional Lambung Clothes
Sasak women use traditional Sasak ethnic clothing dominated by black. And now they have started using other colors.
Custom sasak clothing for women called Lambung is a sleeveless shirt with a triangle or “V” shaped collar and a little decoration on the edge of the shirt. This outfit uses pelung fabric. As a complement to the Lambung, worn a scarf that dangles on the right shoulder patterned with genep yeast which is a type of songas typical sasak cloth, combined with an anteng belt (belt) which is wrapped around and the tufted ends are hung at the waist to the left.
In the subordinate section, wear a long cloth to the knee or ankles with embroidery on the edge of the fabric with a checkered or triangular pattern.
As an accessory, a pair of bracelets on silver hands and feet is added. Sowang (earrings) round shape made of palm leaves. Hair is tied neatly and as an accent tucked in cempaka flowers and roses, or it can be bunned with a pliset arbor model.
The traditional hull clothes are used by Sasak girls specifically to welcome guests and caretakers in the mendakin or nagging ceremony.
Called gastric clothes, supposedly because the bottom is only up to the stomach or stomach. This shirt is indeed hanging and slightly fluffy in the abdomen. That’s because the middle part is scrunched to the edge of the neck edge
2.Pegon Customary Clothing
Pegon clothes are traditional Sasak tribal dress for men. Pegon is influenced by Javanese tradition with the adaptation of the European suit as a symbol of grandeur and politeness. The material used is plain color with a modification on the back to make it easy to slip the keris.
For the head, sasak men who use traditional sasak clothes will usually wear Sapuq / Sapuk (batik, pelung, songket): Sapuk is the crown for the wearer as a sign of masculinity and keeps the thoughts of things dirty and as a symbol of respect for the Almighty God One. The type and method of using sapuq in traditional Sasak clothing is not justified in imitating the use of sapuq for other religious rituals.
For belts (leang / tampet or dodot), using songket motifs in threads of yarn as Pegon’s pair uses not like a belt but rather functions as an accent, at a glance like traditional Malay clothes. For ordinary people, songket cloth used is genep yeast pattern, its use is wrapped around like a belt in general.
This leang or tampon or dodot serves to slip the keris. For large kris, usually tucked behind. Whereas for the small keris, it is inserted in front. The use of keris is not absolute, keris can be replaced by a knife or a knife.
As a subordinate, Sasak men use wiron or cute. Wiron made from Javanese batik with jackfruit or black pelung motif. Its use is like a cloth on Java or a side in Sunda that dangles to the ankles. For the use of wiron, it is not permitted to use a plain red or white cloth. As a differentiator between ordinary people and adat stakeholders, traditional stakeholders use Selendang Umbak. shaped belt made with special rituals in the Sasak family. The color of the cloth is red and black white with a length of up to four meters. At the end of the thread, the Chinese money is hung (kepeng bolong).
In addition to the traditional Sasak clothing accessories above, specifically for traditional stakeholders Umbak Shawls are also used. Umbak is a sling belt made with special rituals in the Sasak family. The color of the cloth is red and black white with a length of up to four meters. At the end of the thread hung Chinese money (kepeng bolong). Umbak as traditional clothing is only used by the customary leaders, pengayom community. Umbak for fashion as a symbol of love and policy. (DR)